In some ways they are similar. Both are Mustelids (weasel family), that weigh about the same (average males from our small, eastern interior Alaska line: 35 oz. Marten, 33 oz. Mink). However, they each have interesting adaptations that differ significantly. Mink have small (nickel-sized), semi-webbed feet, a somewhat oiley double coat (like a beaver), significant body fat, and small ears. All adaptaions to a semi-aquatic life. Marten have large feet rimmed with stiff, splayed out hairs that function as snowshoes, a very fluffy coat (almost like a fox), little-to-no body fat, semi-retractable claws (like a housecat), and large fox-like ears, all adaptations to a life in snowy forests. Their differences are very evident when you compare them side-by-side. Especially when you skin them. When I skinned my first Marten years ago, I was amazed at how big their feet are. I'll bet the p.s.i. footprint of a Marten is a quarter (maybe less) of a Mink's. As different as they are, their diets overlap, as both are significant predators of voles (at least in my area, in the winter). It's fairly common to catch one species in a set targeting the other, though I've never heard of a marten caught in a water set for mink. Oh yeah, I almost forgot. Mink smell worse and fetch a lower price. I love Marten!